The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), with the support of the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) in Canada, has implemented a technical cooperation project to help identify policies that can address constraints faced by developing countries, especially the least developed countries (LDCs), in responding to sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures and environmental requirements in international markets. Studies were undertaken in three developing regions: South Asia, Eastern and Southern Africa and Central America. Sub-regional or national workshops were held in New Delhi, India (11–13 January 2001), San José, Costa Rica (20 August 2001) and Kampala, Uganda (13 September). These resulted in five scoping papers. The first paper discusses the main results of the project and some ideas for follow-up activities. The other four papers deal with three different regions and with organic agriculture and include three case studies. They are as follows:
Paper 2: regional scoping paper on South Asia (Bangladesh, India, Nepal and
Paper 3: regional scoping paper on Central America (Costa Rica in particular)
Paper 4: regional scoping paper on Eastern and Southern Africa (experiences
of Kenya, Mozambique, the United Republic of Tanzania and Uganda)
Paper 5: scoping paper on organic agriculture (Costa Rica, India and Uganda).
This project was coordinated with similar activities by other intergovernmental organizations. For example, the New Delhi workshop was organized in cooperation with the World Bank. Similarly, the UNCTAD and the OECD secretariats coordinated activities under this project and the OECD project on 'The Development Dimension of Trade and Environment: Strengthening OECD and developing country co-operation to help developing country exporters meet environmental standards'.
UNCTAD's work in this area is in accordance with the Bangkok Plan of Action, which called upon UNCTAD to promote analysis and consensus building in full cooperation with other relevant organizations, so that issues that could potentially yield benefits to developing countries could be identified. This included 'examining the potential trade and developmental effects and opportunities of environmental measures, taking into account the concerns