The following abbreviations are used throughout the notes.
|FCHS||Filson Club Historical Society, Frankfort, Kentucky|
|KHS||Kentucky Historical Society, Frankfort|
|KMRRB||Kentucky Military Records and Research Branch Library, Frankfort|
|UKSC||University of Kentucky Special Collections Department, Lexington|
1. Faulkner, Requiem for a Nun, 5–6.
2. Rohrbough, The Trans-Appalachian Frontier, 30.
3. Habermas, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere; Arendt, The Human Condition.
4. Brooke, “Ancient Lodges and Self-Created Societies,” 276. Brooke's primary focus is on Masonic orders; he does not include militia organizations. The influence of religious institutions may have exceeded that of the militia, but only if they are considered as a single, monolithic church. If, however, individuals are associated with their particular denomination, as they saw themselves, the collective church splinters into a diversity of creeds and faiths. For a discussion of religious divergence in the early republic, see Hatch, The Democratization of American Christianity.
5. Rotundo, American Manhood.
6. Stearns, Be a Man!, 23–25.
7. There are two institutional studies of U.S. citizen-soldiers. The first is Mahon's History of the Militia and the National Guard, a narrative that recounts the political, legislative, organizational, and military history of the militia from its English origins to the National Guard in the 1970s. More recent is Doubler's Civilian in Peace, Soldier in War. For additional surveys that range beyond periodic studies, see Dupuy, The National Guard, and Anderson, “Militia, Past and Pres-