Encyclopedia of Family Health - Vol. 15

By David B. Jacoby; Robert M. Youngson | Go to book overview

Sports medicine

Questions and Answers

Should my daughter continue her
sports training during her period?

The effects of menstruation vary
considerably from one woman to
another. Some women are virtually
incapacitated during this time;
others experience little or no
discomfort. Exercise can improve
a woman’s capacity to cope with
the changes that occur during
menstruation, so if your daughter
is comfortable training during her
period, let her continue to do so.
Many women athletes find that
their sporting performance varies
over the menstrual cycle, usually
deteriorating in the days preceding
their period and picking up in
midcycle, though some find that
they actually perform best during
their periods. Many women
athletes don’t menstruate at all.

What is the value of high altitude
training?

The air at high altitudes is at a
much lower pressure, so less passes
to the blood than at sea level. The
body compensates by increasing
the concentration of hemoglobin in
the blood. This allows the body to
use what available oxygen there is
more efficiently. This increased
oxygen-carrying capacity should
also help an athlete’s performance
when he or she returns to sea level.

My son insists on wearing low-cut
cleats when playing football.
Wouldn’t he be safer wearing
cleats with better ankle protection?

Ankle injuries are more common
with low-cut shoes. Heavier shoes
give more protection, but may
cause some loss of speed and
agility, and may be tiring. If your
son plays in midfield, where the
chance of being kicked on the
ankle are higher, a heavier shoe
could be used. If he plays in a rear
position, in which speed and agility
are more important, a lighter-
weight shoe might be better.

Virtually every sport involves some risk of injury, from the trivial to the disastrous. Sports medicine investigates the causes, determines the treatment, and recommends methods of preventing sports injuries.

One of the most important applications of sports medicine is to study the factors that can affect fitness—including strength, speed, skill, stamina, agility, and personality—and to suggest ways in which performance can be improved through diet, training, and lifestyle (see Diet). Medical research and opinion may also make a valuable contribution to the design of sports equipment and protective clothing, and sporting authorities may turn to doctors for advice about the drugs that athletes can use without side effects. Generally, however, sports medicine is concerned with the causes, treatment, and prevention of sports injuries at all levels of participation.

Injuries in highly competitive sports such as basehall are widespread. Protective clothing and equipment are vital to help prevent serious physical damage. Baseball players wear shin guards, padded gloves, thigh pads, and helmets to protect them from the very hard ball and from other players.

-2052-

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Encyclopedia of Family Health - Vol. 15
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Spastic Colon 2022
  • Specimens 2024
  • Speculum 2027
  • Speech 2028
  • Speech Therapy 2032
  • Sperm 2034
  • Sphygmomanometer 2036
  • Spina Bifida 2037
  • Spinal Cord 2040
  • Spleen 2044
  • Splinters 2047
  • Splints 2048
  • Sports Injury 2050
  • Sports Medicine 2052
  • Sprains 2056
  • Stammering and Stuttering 2058
  • Staphylococcus 2062
  • Starch 2063
  • Stem Cell 2065
  • Stenosis 2067
  • Sterilization 2068
  • Steroids 2072
  • Stethoscope 2074
  • Stiffness 2076
  • Stillbirth 2080
  • Stimultants 2083
  • Stitch 2086
  • Stomach 2088
  • Stomach Pump 2091
  • Strangulation 2094
  • Streptococcus 2097
  • Stress 2098
  • Stress Management 2103
  • Stretch Marks 2105
  • Sty 2112
  • Subconscious 2114
  • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome 2116
  • Suffocation 2118
  • Sugars 2120
  • Suicide 2122
  • Sunburn 2126
  • Sunstroke 2130
  • Suppositories 2132
  • Surgery 2134
  • Surrogacy 2141
  • Sutures 2144
  • Swellings 2145
  • Symptoms 2149
  • Syphilis 2153
  • Syringing 2156
  • Index 2158
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