World and Its Peoples: Eastern and Southern Asia - Vol. 5

By Paul Bernabeo | Go to book overview

Modern Myanmar

Violence marked the change of government in Burma in 1988 as General Ne Win (1911–2002) was marginalized and replaced by military leaders intent on restoring order and ending the country's international isolation. In 1989, the new leaders changed the transliteration of the country's name from Burma to Myanmar.

General Saw Maung (1928–1997) was the leader of the group of elite military officers who formed Myanmar's new ruling junta. They called themselves the State Law and Order Restoration Council, which became known by the acronyn SLORC. However, the officers were opposed by the civilian population, who rallied behind the charismatic leadership of Aung San Suu Kyi (born 1945).

Burmese dissident Aung San Suu Kyi speaks to the press from her
residential compound in 1995. She has been detained under house
arrest from 1989 through 1995, 2000 through 2002. and again
since 2003
.


THE SUPPRESSION OF DEMOCRACY

Aung San Suu Kyi mobilized many thousands of supporters into the National League for Democracy (NLD), which prepared to contest elections promised by the junta. After living in Europe and the United States and working for the United Nations (UN) and other nongovernmental organizations for many years, she returned to Burma in March 1988 to nurse her ailing mother. Her father. General Aung San (c. 1914–1947), had founded the modern Burmese army and led the nationalist movement for independence through World War II (1939–1945). Regarded as the father of the nation, he was assassinated by political rivals shortly

-628-

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World and Its Peoples: Eastern and Southern Asia - Vol. 5
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Country Locator for Volume 5 Myanmar and Thailand i
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Geography and Climate 580
  • The Land of Myanmar and Thailand 582
  • Geology of Myanmar and Thailand 590
  • Climate of Myanmar and Thailand 594
  • Flora and Fauna of Thailand and Myanmar 598
  • History and Movement of Peoples 602
  • Sukhothai and Ayutthaya 604
  • Later Burmese Kingdoms 608
  • British Intervention in Burma 610
  • Peoples of Myanmar and Thailand 612
  • Myanmar (Burma) 614
  • Government 618
  • Modern History 620
  • War and Independence 623
  • Independent Burma 626
  • Modern Myanmar 628
  • Cultural Expression 630
  • Art and Architecture 632
  • Music and Performing Arts 636
  • Festivals and Ceremonies 638
  • Food and Drink 640
  • Daily Life 642
  • Family and Society 644
  • Welfare 646
  • Yangon (Rangoon) 648
  • Naypyidaw 650
  • Mandalay 651
  • Moulmein 652
  • Pegu 653
  • Economy 654
  • Thailand 662
  • Government 666
  • Modern History 668
  • Siam in Transition 670
  • The Age of Reform 672
  • War and Military Rule 674
  • Modern Thailand 676
  • Cultural Expression 678
  • Art and Architecture 680
  • Decorative Arts 683
  • Music and Performing Arts 684
  • Festivals and Ceremonies 687
  • Food and Drink 688
  • Daily Life 690
  • Family and Society 693
  • Health, Welfare, and Housing 695
  • Education 697
  • Bangkok 698
  • Chiang Mai 703
  • Nakhon Ratchasima 704
  • Udon Thani 705
  • Economy 706
  • Further Research 716
  • Index 718
  • World and Its Peoples 722
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