For Prophet and Tsar: Islam and Empire in Russia and Central Asia

By Robert D. Crews | Go to book overview

NOTE ON TRANSLITERATION AND SPELLING

The Russian empire was constructed by peoples who, like the descendants of the builders of the Tower of Babel, spoke dozens of different languages and dialects and whose literatures appeared in a dizzying array of alphabets and scripts. The Soviets built on this imperial Babel by changing these writing systems. Post-Soviet elites continue to debate the utility of Cyrillic, Roman, and Arabic orthographies, while scholars disagree about how to transliterate them.

The sources for this study reflect only a small part of this linguistic heterogeneity. In the polyglot world of the empire, words appeared in different forms, depending on the context and the language of the document; the name of one important Muslim religious figure was written as “Muḥammadjān bin al-Ḥusayn” in Tatar using Arabic script, but became “Mukhamedzhan Khusainov” in Russian-language texts. In transliterating such names, I have tried to follow the spellings found in the original sources, while including alternates in parentheses or in the notes that follow the text. For Russian sources, I have followed the Library of Congress system, with some simplifications (like “Kazan” in place of “Kazan’,” “Dostoevsky” for

-vii-

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For Prophet and Tsar: Islam and Empire in Russia and Central Asia
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Note on Transliteration and Spelling vii
  • For Prophet and Tsar ix
  • Introduction 1
  • 1 - A Church for Islam 31
  • 2 - The State in the Mosque 92
  • 3 - An Imperial Family 143
  • 4 - Nomads into Muslims 192
  • 5 - Civilizing Turkestan 241
  • 6 - Heretics, Citizens, and Revolutionaries 293
  • Epilogue 350
  • Abbreviations Notes Acknowledgments Index 371
  • Abbreviations 373
  • Notes 375
  • Acknowledgments 449
  • Index 455
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