Artists in Ohio, 1787-1900: A Biographical Dictionary

By Mary Sayre Haverstock; Jeannette Mahoney Vance et al. | Go to book overview

Glossary
of Uncommon
Art Terms

Some of the art terms used in this book have changed considerably in meaning since the nineteenth century, and others, particularly in the areas of photography and the so-called "ladies' arts," have disappeared from the dictionaries altogether. "Pencil," for example, often meant "paint brush," and a "crayon" was fundamentally different from the Crayola of today. These brief definitions were adapted, in part, from detailed instructional manuals of the period, including the following:

Barhydt, J. A., A Complete Treatise on Crayon
Portraits
(Kingston, N. Y.: Kingston Free-
man, 1886); Carter, Susan Nichols, Sugges-
tions to Teachers and Pupils for the Practical
Use of Examples of Stump Drawing in Light
and Shade
(Boston: L. Prang, 1877); Eyre,
Jane, Needles and Brushes and How to Use
Them: A Manual of Fancy Work
(Chicago: Bed-
ford, Clarke, 1887); Jones, Mrs. C. A., and
Henry T. Williams, Ladies 'Fancy Work: Hints
and Helps to Home Taste and Recreation (New

York: Henry Williams, 1876); Knight, Ed-
ward H., Knight's Mechanical Dictionary…
and Digest of Mechanical Appliances in Sci-
ence and the Arts
(Cambridge, Mass.: River-
side Press, 1876); Simons, M. P., Plain In-
structions for Colouring Photographs in Water
Colours and India Ink
(Philadelphia: T. K.
and P. G. Collins, 1857); Snelling, Henry H.,
The History and Practice of the Art of Pho-
tography
(New York: G. P. Putnam, 1849);
Urbino, L"evina" B., Art Recreations: Being a
Complete Guide to Pencil Drawing, Oil Paint-
ing… Enamel Painting, Etc.
(Boston: J. P.
Tilton, 1860); Williams, W, Transparency
Painting on Linen
(London: Winsor and New-
ton, 1878).

Ambrotype. A negative photographic image produced on collodion-treated glass, then mounted on a black background (often velvet). When viewed by reflectedlight, it somewhat resembled a daguerreotype, but was less costly to manufacture.

Carte-de-visite. A small photographic portrait on paper, usually mounted on a pasteboard rectangle the size of a calling-card, approximately 2⅛ by 3¼ inches.

Composition picture. A painting, usually a landscape, assembled, or "composed" in the studio from an artist's stock of field sketches. Such a work was intended to evoke a certain mood, rather than to create the exact appearance of a specific place, and it often bore a generic title, like "Morning Solitude," "Mountain Mist," or "Gathering Storm."

Crayon portrait. Originally, a freehand portrait executed on paper with black or colored clay-based pigments in stick form, known in the nineteenth century as crayons. By the 1880s the term referred almost exclusively to an enlarged photograph colored to resemble an oil painting with crayons in both stick and "sauce" form, applied directly to the surface of the photograph.

-xv-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Artists in Ohio, 1787-1900: A Biographical Dictionary
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 1066

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.