Sociolinguistics in Japanese Contexts

By Tetsuya Kunihiro; Fumio Inoue et al. | Go to book overview

FOREWORD

Tetsuya Kunihiro

Fumio Inoue

Daniel Long

This book is a collection of socio linguistics papers written by Dr. Takesi Sibata. Most of the papers were selected from his book “Topics in Sociolinguistics [Shakai Gengogaku no Kadai]” published in 1978, and during the translation process, several recent papers were added.

As all the papers were written based upon fieldwork carried out on Japanese, translators’ explanations were occasionally deemed necessary. These appear in the form of “Introductory notes by the editors” which precede each chapter, and in some cases in the form of clarifications in the translations of the original text. Certain portions of the original texts have been omitted due to an overlap in the content of the papers. Other portions have been omitted because the discussion centers around the notoriously complicated Japanese writing system.

There were numerous problems which arose during our work on the translation which we will discuss briefly. These can be divided into problems of transcription, problems of translating technical terms, and problems of background information.

(1) Choosing a romanization system for the Japanese language was at first a great problem. The Revised Hepburn system which is based on English orthography is extensively used in this book, the only exception being the author’s name itself. Dr. Sibata was active in the romanization movement during and after the Second World War. Sibata himself expressed the desire that all the Japanese words and names in this book be spelled in the “Nipponsiki” (“Kunreisiki” or “ISO 3602”) system which is based on phonemic analysis of the Japanese language, and used mainly among linguists. In spite of this hope, the Revised Hepburn system was basically adopted for this book, because it is becoming more prevalent domestically and internationally. In fact most books in English or the other languages use this system. The main differences between these systems lie in spellings of the following syllables (Nipponsiki / Hepburn system, phonetic alphabet in [ ]):

SI/SHI [∫i] JI/ZI [Ʒi] TI/CHI [t∫i] TU/TSU [tsu].

In this book, vowels of two syllable (mora) length are shown by macrons (â, ê, ô, û) as in bôto ‘boat’. Long ‘i’, however, is shown by double’ i’ s as in chiisai ‘small’, because of printing difficulties.

(2) As the first drafts of the translations was performed by various people, various English expressions were used for the same Japanese term, and so technical terms had to be uniformed later. For example, ‘language life’ was used for gengo seikatsu throughout this book because this term is retrievable for the readers who know Japanese, and the meaning is self-explaining from the context. Similarly ‘commonization’ was coined to translate kyôtsûgo-ka. This was necessary because ‘Common Language’ kyôtsûgo is differentiated from ‘Standard Language’ hyôjungo in Japanese dialectological terminology. As for nontechnical terms, these were translated freely according to the context, as Sibata has

-1-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Sociolinguistics in Japanese Contexts
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 492

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.