Encyclopedia of Life Sciences - Vol. 2

By Anne O’Daly | Go to book overview

INDEX
Headings and page numbers in bold refer to main articles. Page numbers in italics refer to photographs and illustrations or their captions.
A
abortion, ethics 188, 191
acetyl coenzyme A 159
ADP (adenosine diphosphate) 158, 159
aldosterone 219
allergies 153, 240, 241
amphibians, brain 258
anemia 164, 191, 246 247
Angraceum sesifuipedale 268
anthrax 198, 199
antibodies 221, 224, 226, 241
ants 196, 258, 271
Archaeopteryx 211
Aristotle 207
arthritis 165, 250
artificial insemination, of animals 224
artificial life 149–152
asthma 153
atmosphere 154–157
ATP production 158–160
Australopithecus spp.258
autism 161–163
autoimmune disorders 164–166
automata, cellular 150

B
Bacillus spp. 170
bacteria 158, 167–172
luminescent 205, 207
Baer, Karl von 202
Baker, Henry 207
Barr body 191
basal metabolic rate (BMR) 280
basophils 239, 240–241
bats 173–176, 268
B-cells 241
bears, grizzly 183
bees, mimics of 286
beetles 177–178, 184, 195, 284
behavior 203–204
autism 161–162
Bertram, E. G. 191
biennial plants 179
binary fission 169 170
biochemistry 180–182
biodiversity 183–186
bioethics 187–191, 204
biogeography 192–194
bioglas 212
biological clocks 217–218
biological control 195–196
biological warfare 197–199
biology, history and philosophy of 200–204
bioluminescence 178, 205–207
biomes and habitats 184, 208–211
bionics 212–215
bioreactors 223
biorhythms 216–219
biosphere 220
biotechnology 221–227
birds 228–237, 250
brain 257, 259
eggs 231–232, 235, 236, 284
flocks 151
birds of prey 234–237
blindness, deyices to aid in 213
blood 206, 238–247
clotting 241–242, 278
boids 151
bone 248–250, 278
Bonnet, Charles 202
Bonpland, Aimé 192
botanical gardens 251–252
botany 253–254
bovine growth hormone/bovine somatotropin (BGH/BST) 224, 227
Boyer, Paul 160
brain 217, 255–264
breeding, selective 223
budding, bv bacteria 170
Buffon, Georges-Louis Leclcrc, Comte de 201
bulbs and corms 265–266
bursitis 250
butterflies and moths 186, 196, 267–271, 280, 284, 286

C
cacti and succulents 272–274
caecilians 275–276
calcitonin, synthetic 180–181
calcium 277–278
calorie 279–280
camouflage and mimicry 207, 270, 271, 281–286
cancer, breast, surgery for 219
carbohydrates 279, 280
carbon dioxide, atmospheric 155, 157
carbon monoxide, atmospheric 156
caterpillars 268–269
cats, camouflaged 284
cell biology
ATP production 158 160
cell circadian rhythms 217
cell theory 202
cerebellum 256, 259
cerebral hemispheres 259, 263–264
cerebrospinal fluid 259–260
chapparal biomes 209
chemotherapy 219
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) 157
cholera 171, 197
chromatography 181
cicadas 216
ciprofloxacin 196
circadian rhythms 216, 217, 218, 219
cochlear implants 215
colchicine 266
comb jellies 207
condors, California 236, 237
confidentiality, medical 190
conservation 186, 252, 254
coral reef biomes 211
corals, bleaching 186
corpus callosum 263, 264
corticosteroids 153, 240
crabs, fiddler 218
crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) 273
creationism 204
crickets, biological control of 196
Crick, Francis, and James Watson 202, 221, 227
CT scanning 260
Cuvier, Georges 201, 202
cyanobacteria 168
cystic fibrosis (CF) 191

D
Darwin, Charles 192, 268
daylength, plants and 217
DDT 235–236
deafness, and bionic ears 215
deer 210, 217
defense, bioluminescence used for 206–207
defibrillators, ventricular 214
deontological theories 188
desert biomes 210–211
detergents, biological 222
diabetes 165, 222
digestive systems, human, bacteria in 172
dinoflagellates, bioluminescence 207
diseases, germ theory 202
dispersal 193–194
diversity, genetic 183–184
DNA 167, 168
fingerprinting 224
recombinant 170, 223
typing 182
drew, Charles 245
Dutch elm disease 178, 184

E
eagles 234, 235–236
ears, bionic 215
Earth Summit 183
echinoderms, bioluminescence 206
ecosystems, biodiversity 184, 185
eels, migration 210
Ehrlich, Paul 239
elderly, the, sleep patterns 219
Eldredge, Niles 203
electroencephalograms (EEGs) 255, 260
electron transfer/oxidative phosphorylation 159, 160
electrophoresis 181–182
El Niño 186
emphysema 153
endospores, bacterial 170
endosymbiotic theory 203
enzymes 172, 180, 181, 222
eosinophils 239, 240
epilepsy 263–264
Erwin, Terrv 184
erythrocytes 238–239, 243
Escherichia coli 172, 222, 223, 226, 246
estrogen 219, 250
estuaries 211
Euglandinia spp. 185, 196
eukaryotes, the first 168
euthanasia 188
evolution 167–168, 201–203, 285
coevolution 268
convergent 274
evolutionary algorithms 151–152
experiments 189–190
extinction 156–157, 185–186, 186
evespots 271

F
FADH2159–160
falconry, history 237
falcons 234, 235, 236, 237
fats 279, 280
fermentation 159, 172, 225, 226
fertilization, in vitro (IVF) 223
fetus 191, 248, 249, 260, 261
fibrin and fibrinogen 242, 278
finches 185
fireflies 178, 206, 217
fire worms 216
fish 151, 205, 257, 258, 259
fishing, light 207
flashlight fish 205
Fleming, Alexander 227
flies, parasitic 196
forests 184, 209–210
Franklin, Rosalind 202, 221
freshwater biomes 211
fructose-1, 6-biphosphate 159

G
Gaia hypothesis 203
Galápagos Islands, finches 185
Galen 200, 201
Game of Life 150
geese, migration 216
gene therapy 222
genetically modified (GM) foods 223–224, 225
genetic diseases 153, 191, 222
genetic engineering 170, 181, 187, 221, 223, 223, 225, 246
genetics, plant 254
glaciation 194
global warming 157, 186
globulins 241
Glossopteris 192
glowworms 205
glucose, energy from 159
glyceraldehvde 3-phosphate 159
glycolysis 159
goiter 166
goshawks 235
Gould, Stephen Jay 203
Gram, Hans Christian 168
granulocytes 239, 243
grasslands 210
Graves’ disease 166
greenhouse effect 157
growth hormone (GH) 219, 224
human (HGH) 222

H
Haldane, J. B. S. 181
Haney, William 201
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis 165, 166
hawks 234, 235
heart 164, 278
mechanical 214
hemodialysis 215
hemoglobin 239, 246
hemophilia 222, 242
heterotrophs, bacteria as 169
hippocampus 257, 263

-287-

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Encyclopedia of Life Sciences - Vol. 2
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Contents iii
  • Useful Information 148
  • Artificial Life 149
  • Asthma 153
  • Atmosphere 154
  • Atp Production 158
  • Autism 161
  • Autoimmune Disorders 164
  • Bacteria 167
  • Bats 173
  • Beetles 177
  • Biennial Plants 179
  • Biochemistry 180
  • Biodiversity 183
  • Bioethics 187
  • Biogeography 192
  • Biological Control 195
  • Biological Warfare 197
  • Biology, History and Philosophy of 200
  • Bioluminescene 205
  • Biomes and Habitats 208
  • Bionics 212
  • Biorhythms 216
  • Biosphere 220
  • Biotechnology 221
  • Birds 228
  • Birds of Prey 234
  • Blood 238
  • Bone 248
  • Botanical Gardens 251
  • Botany 253
  • Brain 255
  • Bulbs and Corms 265
  • Butterflies and Moths 267
  • Cacti and Succulents 272
  • Caecilians 275
  • Calcium 277
  • Calorie 279
  • Camouflage and Mimicry 281
  • Index 287
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