This book summarizes the main findings and conclusions of a project that examined issues of accountability in the delivery of public services in Peru. The project was known by its Spanish acronym, RECURSO (REndición de CUentas para la Reforma SOcial). The core RECURSO team was led by Daniel Cotlear, who was also editor of the book, and included the authors of the different chapters of the book and an implementa- tion group. The authors were Betty Alvarado Pérez, Leah Belsky, Daniel Cotlear, Luis Crouch, Pablo Lavado P., Rony Lenz, José R. López-Cálix, William Reuben, Cornelia Mihaela Tesliuc, Sofia Valencia, and Richard Webb. The implementation group was led by Livia Benavides and included Patricia Bernedo, Pablo Lavado, and Luisa Yesquen. Diane Stamm was the English language editor of the book.
The project was co-financed by the World Bank and the Department for International Development (DFID) of the UK. In DFID, we would like to thank Marfil Francke, Mark Lewis, Marianela Montes de Oca, Jennie Richmond, and Victor Zamora. In the World Bank the project benefited from the strategic guidance of Marcelo Giugale, Country Director for Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela; and Evangeline Javier, Sector Director for Human Development in Latin America and the Caribbean; and from the technical guidance of Jorge Luis Archimbaud, Cristian Baeza, Ariel Fiszbein, Vicente Fretes-Cibils, John Newman, Rossana Polastri, Helena Ribe, Jaime Saavedra, and Eduardo Vélez.
The project had the support of many government authorities who provided access to information and promoted an open exchange of information with their technical teams. The Ministers that had a direct participation in the project were Pilar Mazzetti Soller, Minister of Health; Ana María Romero Lozada, Minister of Women and Social Development; Javier Sota Nadal, Minister of Education; and Fernando Zavala, Minister of Finance. Beatriz Merino, supported the design phase of the project during her tenure as Prime Minister, and later, when she became ombudswoman, she encouraged the team to present its results as a poten- tial tool for promoting the rights of the poor to quality public services.
The authors are also grateful to the authorities and officials of the Regional Govern- ment of Lambayeque, the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima, and the Provincial Munici- pality of Callao, all of which shared their concerns about the social sectors, and to the officials and consultants of the donor community in Peru who support the findings and the policy proposals, especially the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the United Nations Population Fund (UNPF), KfW, the German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ), and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).
Chapter 1 provides an overview of the book and summarizes the main conclusions of the project; as such it is a synthesis of the work of the whole RECURSO team. It was writ- ten by Daniel Cotlear with support from Pablo Lavado Peer reviewers (these are formal commentators from within the World Bank who are assigned to review an analytical piece) were Barbara Bruns, Yasuhiko Matsuda, and Halsey Rogers. External comments were received from Lorena Alcazar, Pedro Francke, and Juan Fernando Vega.
Chapter 2, on public expenditure in the social sectors, was written by José R. López- Cálix with input from Lorena Alcázar (public employment and payroll issues), Miguel