Characteristics and Types of
Farmer Participatory Research
|❑ a method in which the major emphasis is on production research, planned and carried out by and with the farmers on their own fields (Harwood, 1979).|
|❑ a systematic approach of evolving or adapting technology among the people of a community (Tan, 1985).|
|❑ a process where “the farmer acts as a subject who investigates, measures, and studies in collaboration with researchers” (Ashby et al., 1987).|
|❑ a practical process for bringing together the knowledge and research|
|capacities of the local farming communities with that of the commercial and scientific institutions in an interactive way (Haverkort et al., 1988).|
The term was coined by Farrington and Martin in 1987 but the approach has also been called farmer-back-to-farmer research, farmer-first-andlast research, and participatory technology development by different proponents of the approach.
Selener, D. 1997. Participatory
Action Research and Social
Change. The Cornell Participatory
Action Research Network. Cornell
University, Ithaca, NY, USA.