Innovation Systems Perspective:
From Measuring Impact to Learning
While perspectives recognizing the institutional context and research have occupied only a modest amount of attention in the international agricultural research policy community, the perspective has come to dominate the policy debate and practice in other research and economic sectors. It is surprising to find that concepts that are informing international agricultural research policy were superseded a decade ago in this wider science and technology policy arena.
The contemporary debate from this parallel policy literature now takes it as given that the linear model of innovation and its neo-classical economics is of little value in evaluating and planning research and development (R&D). There has been a shift in the role of policy from examining the determinants and consequence of research, to a capacity development role where emphasis is on strengthening networks of users and producers of knowledge (Velho, 2002).
Hall, A., V. Rasheed Sulaiman, N.
Clark and B. Yoganand. 2003. From
Measuring Impact to Learning
Institutional Lessons: An Innovation
Systems Perspective on Improving
the Management of International
Agricultural Research. Science Direct
Agricultural Systems 78 (2003) 213–
Underpinning this shift of perspective over the last two decades has been a deepening understanding of the nature of innovation as a process and the accompanying realization that neo-classical economics alone cannot explain the dynamics of economic systems.