Participatory Monitoring and
Evaluation with Pastoralists
Participatory monitoring and evaluation (PM&E) is an integral part of a participatory planning cycle that incorporates both external and indigenous knowledge and perceptions. It allows all participants in the development process to keep track of where they are going and to recognize where and when it is necessary to change track in order to reach their agreed objectives. It stimulates mutual learning by all stakeholders, including policymakers and donors. PM&E is a topic important for development cooperation as a whole, because it embraces questions of impact and sustainability.
The review of documented experiences
in PM&E with pastoralists was carried out
as a follow-up to an earlier review of
participatory planning with pastoralists
commissioned by the Germany Agency
for Technical Cooperation (GTZ) in order
to improve development cooperation in
natural resource management. GTZ felt
that the opportunities for learning from
experiences in PM&E with pastoralists
would be great because of the
particular challenges of working with
these mobile and, in most cases,
politically and economically
marginalized resource users.
PM&E experiences were sought by looking into official databases of published literature and in the internet, communicating within an informal network of persons and institutions working with livestock-keepers, and drawing from the authors’ field experiences. Most of the documents in PM&E among pastoralists and another livestock-keepers came from Africa, Australia and New Zealand.