Some bilateral aid agencies have urban agriculture assistance
programmes. The International Development Research Centre (IDRC)
of Canada is the most notable.
UNDP (1996, p. 151)
In September 2000, the United Nations Millennium Declaration set out eight Millennium Development Goals. These were designed to provide the international community with an expanded vision of development and a framework for measuring development progress. First among those goals: eradicate extreme poverty and hunger.
Urban agriculture contributes directly to this goal. Without doubt, the two major forces driving the poorest city dwellers to become urban farmers are the critical need for a reliable source of fresh food and the hope of improving their precarious financial circumstances (Mougeot 2005). It can also be argued that UA contributes — directly or indirectly — to three of the remaining Millennium Development Goals: reduce child mortality, improve maternal health, and ensure environmental sustainability.