Participatory Research and Development for Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource Management: A Sourcebook - Vol. 3

By Julian Gonsalves; Thomas Becker et al. | Go to book overview

Participatory Research and
Development: A Sourcebook
Overview

The Changing Agenda of Agricultural Research and
Development
Agricultural research and development has traditionally focused on meeting the challenge of feeding the world’s hungry population. Central to this agenda is the need to increase agricultural production through the introduction of technologies and support services for improving farm yield.Following the successes of the Green Revolution in the 1960s and 1970s, newer challenges to agricultural research and development have emerged, such as:
Promoting more equitable distribution of benefits resulting from dramatic improvements in agricultural production.
Sustaining productivity gains through better management of natural resources supporting agriculture.
Shifting the focus of research and development interventions to less favorable environments and lowinput agricultural systems.
Strengthening the capacity of local farming communities to continuously learn and experiment ways of improving their agricultural livelihoods.
Building synergy between technological change and the socio-economic, cultural and political dimensions of agricultural innovation.

In seeking to address these emerging challenges, the dominant transfer-oftechnology paradigm has proven inadequate for managing more complex secondgeneration issues such as: diverse biophysical environments, multiple livelihood goals, rapid changes in local and global economies, expanded range of stakeholders over agriculture and natural resources, and drastic decline in resource investment for the formal research and development sector.

Key Themes in Post-Green Revolution Agricultural Research and Development
Pro-poor targeting
Conservation and sustainable use of natural resources
Development of uplands and other less-favored areas
Local governance, decentralization and citizens’ rights
Equity for women and other marginalized socio-economic groups
Trade globalization and supply chains
Migration and rural-urban dynamics
Property rights and collective action
Agriculture and human health
Multi-stakeholder partnerships
Local capacity development
Organizational learning and change

-iii-

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