Participatory Research and Development for Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource Management: A Sourcebook - Vol. 3

By Julian Gonsalves; Thomas Becker et al. | Go to book overview

57
Use of Perceptual Transects in
Coastal Aquaculture and Fishery

Over the last two decades, considerable attention has been focused on the development and refinement of participatory research and development (PR&D) methodologies. In the Philippines, the bulk of this work has taken place within the context of rural development initiatives focused on small agricultural communities.

There has been a general evolution of tools and techniques beginning with Farming Systems Research (FSR) and moving on to more contemporary tools, including Farmer Participatory Research (FPR), Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA), Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and Participatory Learning Approach (PLA). The primary focus was on strategies to generate better dialogue and understanding between researchers and farmers.

Building upon RRA and PRA, participatory
approaches to aquaculture have often been
used to increase the researcher’s or practitioner’s
understanding of the role that
aquaculture and fisheries
management play in rural
livelihood as opposed to
the more technical
activities. Participatory
tools have been used
primarily to assist in needs
assessment and
identification of research
questions and opportunities
for more effective management of the fishery
resource base.

Traditional approaches to aquaculture and fishery management have been criticized because they tended to focus almost exclusively on the behavior of fish, while ignoring for the most part, the behavior of fisherfolks. It has also been noted that ignoring the

-18-

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