Limits of the “Negotiation
Platform”: Two Cases on Participatory
Municipal Planning on NRM in the
Natural resource management (NRM) is intimately linked to the dynamics of land occupation and resource appropriation by different stakeholder with diverse interests. This is especially true in the “agriculture frontier” zones that are characteristic of much of humid tropical forests. This paper analyzes two action research experiments on participatory municipal planning of natural resource management in the Brazilian Amazon.
A group of researchers who teamed up with local and regional farmers’ organizations found out that when different approaches to participatory planning on NRM at the municipal level were done, different reactions were elicited from the townspeople, consequently affecting the way that natural resources were preserved and managed.
The “participatory approach” seemed appropriate and favorable because municipal planning was promoted by local stakeholders, particularly the farmers’ organizations.
Participatory planning experiments focused on natural resource management were established successively in two different Transamazonian municipalities: in Uruara (1993–1996) and in Porto de Moz (1996-ongoing). The results are discussed in the following cases.