THE HISTORY OF GOD’S LAW
J. Louis Martyn
One hardly need mention, much less defend, the point that the word nomosusually translated “law,” plays a crucial role in the thought of numerous early Christian authors. Paul is alone, however, in using it numerous times and with sophistication in the locution nomos plus another noun in the genitive case. Listed in chronological order, the sixteen occurrences are as follows:
In at least seven of these instances the locution is clearly a literal and specific reference to “the Law of Moses,” that Law being “the Law of God” (1 Cor 9:9, 21a; Rom 3:27a; 7:2, 22, 25a; 8:7).1 Some exegetes see the same referent in several or most—or indeed all—of
1 Concerning the expression in Rom 7:2, see now Will Deming, “Paul, Gaius, and ‘the Law of Persons’: The Conceptualization of Roman Law in the Early Classical Period,” CQ.51 (2001) 218–30.