Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, and
Switzerland Establishing the European Free
Trade Association, 20 November 1959*
On behalf of their Governments, Ministers from Austria, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom have today initialled at Stockholm the text of a Convention establishing the European Free Trade Association, to consist of the seven founding members together with any other countries which may accede to it.
The purposes of the Association are economic expansion, full employment, the rational use of resources, financial stability and a higher standard of living.
The Convention will establish a free market between the members of the Association. This will be achieved by the abolition of tariffs and other obstacles to trade in the industrial products of members over a period of ten years, or earlier if so decided. Each country will be free to decide its own external tariffs.
Freer trade between the participating countries will stimulate competition and economic expansion. There are provisions to ensure that the effects of the removal of the barriers to trade are not nullified by means of subsidies, practices of state undertakings, restrictive business practices and limitations to the establishment of enterprises.
The Convention also covers agricultural goods, for which special provisions are made and agreements concluded so as to promote expansion of trade and ensure a sufficient degree of reciprocity to the countries whose major exports are agricultural. To the same end there are also special rules for trade in non-processed fish and marine products.
The Convention reaffirms the determination of the seven member countries to facilitate the early establishment of a multilateral association for the removal of trade barriers and the promotion of closer economic co-operation between the members of the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation, including the six members of the European Economic Community. To this end a special resolution was adopted.
As world trading nations, the countries of the European Free Trade Association are particularly conscious of Europe’s links with the rest of the world. They have therefore chosen a form of economic co-operation which, while strength-
* Parliamentary Papers, 1959–60, XXXIV, Cmd. 906, 5–15, 20–21.