The epigraph to the preface is from William B. Hubard to James L. Hubard, 1 August 1861, Randolph-Hubard Papers, Box 1, No. 4717, University of Virginia Special Collections, Charlottesville.
1. William Stebbins Hubard, Hubards of North America (Roanoke, Va.: William Stebbins Hubard, 1998).
2. John Burdick, “From Virtue to Fitness: The Accommodation of a Planter Family to Postbellum Virginia,” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 93, no. 1 (January 1985): 16; Percial Moses Thomas, “Plantations in Transition: A Study of Four Virginia Plantations, 1860–1870” (PhD diss., University of Virginia, 1979), 91.
3. Thomas, “Plantations in Transition,” 118.
4. Douglas S. Freeman, Lee's Lieutenants: A Study in Command, vol. 3, Gettysburg to Appomattox (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1942), 214–15.
5. Thomas, “Plantations in Transition,” 172.
6. According to a 3rd Virginia trooper, “I found the Command encamped near Middle-Brook in Augusta County. The horses were starving to death and the men on the eve of mutiny… . If the cavalry is not disbanded, Wickham's Brigade will not have two hundred men for duty in the Spring. A large majority of men who go home on details now come back without horses. They say they will not bring horses here to be starved… . We have only 12 men for duty in my company.” William Clark Corson, My Dear Jennie, edited by Blake W. Corson, Jr. (Richmond, Va.: Dietz Press, 1982), 134–35.
7. William W. Blackford, War Years with Jeb Stuart (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1946), xiii.
1. Estimates of the manpower, losses, and cost of the Civil War vary according to the sources consulted. According to one authoritative source, the Federal army