Now that we have analyzed Wojtyła’s thought in its historical development, we must, finally, attempt to formulate a tentative interpretative synthesis. In order to do so, we will explore the connection between Wojtyła’s thought and that of three central schools in contemporary philosophical thought in which, in different ways, he has found conversation partners. The choices are quite clear: in Poland in the years between 1950 and 1960 there were certain evident philosophical positions with which Wojtyła would naturally have had to dialogue. We will speak therefore of his relation with phenomenology; with existentialism, particularly that of the early Sartre; and finally, with Marxism.
With respect to phenomenology, the question is how far Wojtyła can be considered a phenomenologist and what kind of phenomenology his philosophy is. The question of existentialism is more complex. The influence of existentialism in Poland is anything but negligible, both as an autonomous philosophical position and as a correction to Marxism: it is able to free Marxism from its original mechanist basis by giving it a spiritual element. It is clearly a philosophy which attempts to begin from man and his own experience of life, and it pursues this objective by using the phenomenological method. It is therefore very interesting to see how two programs of philosophy as similar as those of Sartre and Wojtyła come to two completely opposite conclusions.
Finally, the confrontation with Marxism concerns the nature of things.