Child Health and the Environment

By Donald T. Wigle | Go to book overview

Preface

The public health goal of collectively assuring the conditions in which people can be healthy1 is particularly relevant to children as they are vulnerable to environmental hazards but have little or no control over their environmental conditions. Children differ profoundly from adults with respect to physiology, metabolism, growth, development, and behavior. By interfering with child growth and development during critical time periods, environmental hazards may cause structural and functional deficits and lifelong disability. The long life expectancy of children carries the potential for relatively high cumulative exposures and time to develop delayed adverse health outcomes; for instance, intense sun exposure during childhood is a major determinant of adult melanoma risk.

This book explores potential health outcomes of prenatal and childhood exposure to environmental hazards, particularly anthropogenic contaminants. Among the overarching themes are the susceptibility of the rapidly developing fetus and infant to early-life toxic exposures and the importance of modifying factors (e.g., poverty, genetic traits, nutrition) and timely intervention. Public health policy development in this field

1National Academy of Sciences. 1988. The future of public health. Washington, D.C.:
National Academy Press.

-ix-

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Child Health and the Environment
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Acknowledgements vii
  • Preface ix
  • Contents xv
  • 1 - Environmental Threats to Child Health- Overview 1
  • 2 - Environmental Epidemiology 27
  • 3 - Risk Assessment 47
  • 4 - Metals—Lead 71
  • 5 - Metals—Mercury, Arsenic, Cadmium, and Manganese 99
  • 6 - Pcbs, Dioxins, and Related Compounds 136
  • 7 - Pesticides 162
  • 9 - Hormonally Active Agents 189
  • 9 - Radiation 229
  • 10 - Indoor Air 270
  • 11 - Outdoor Air 300
  • 12 - Water 334
  • 13 - Conclusion 366
  • Index 383
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