1. Edwin Erle Sparks, The Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1858 (Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library III; Lincoln Series, Vol. I; Springfield, HI.: Illinois State Historical Library, 1908), p. 319. The Sparks volume, cited frequently hereafter, contains extensive, complete descriptions of the debates from the pages of the period press. This account came from the New York Evening Post, September 21, 1858.
2. Ibid., p. v; Don E. Fehrenbacher, Prelude to Greatness: Lincoln in the 1850’s (Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press, 1962), p. 96.
3. Roy P. Basler, et al., eds., The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln (9 vols., New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers Univ. Press, 1953–55; cited hereafter as Coll. Works of Lincoln), II, p. 502; III. p. 84; Earl Schenck Miers, et al., eds., Lincoln Day by Day: A Chronology, 1809–1865 (3 vols., Washington, D.C.: Lincoln Sesquicentennial Commission, 1959; cited hereafter as Lincoln Day by Day), II, pp. 22123; Political Debates Between Hon. Abraham Lincoln and Hon. Stephen A. Douglas, in the Celebrated Campaign of 1858, in Illinois … (Columbus, Ohio: Follett, Foster & Co., 1860), pp. 40–64; Author unknown, Recollections of Lincoln and Douglas Forty Tears Ago (New York: n.p., 1899), p. 14.