The history of nursing and the history of nursing education in the United States have the relation of the one to the other as a unifying theme. The problem of relations between nursing and nursing education has been and continues to be the focus of concern for nurses and others interested in the continued development of nursing as a health service. This paper presents for the consideration of nurses some suggestions that may give direction to analyzing problems of relations.
Historically, relationships between nursing and nursing education have been described in at least two ways: (1) in terms of the status and roles of the nursing student, and (2) in terms of what the product of nursing education, the nurse, could do after completion of the educational program. During the closing years of the nineteenth and the early years of the twentieth century there were two classes of nurses: nurses-in-training and trained nurses. Student or pupil nurses were afforded the title “nurse” and were expected to provide nursing under supervision within a hospital. Upon graduation, and after a one- or a two-year period, these nurses were considered trained and, therefore, competent to nurse outside the hospital
This chapter was originally developed as a background paper at the Catholic University of America
in the late 1960s, for presentation to one of the nursing groups with which Orem was meeting
at the time.