in Addiction Work:
From the Individual
to the Field
The last chapter described the positive human elements of critical thinking. In this chapter we survey the opposite: What drives poor thinking? The chapter attempts to paint a clinical picture of poor thinking from the individual counselor on up to administration.
Poor thinking might be regarded as the simple reverse of critical thinking. But it is more than that. Many characteristics of poor thinking have a special style all their own. They are also more encompassing than the fallacies we will examine in later chapters. The purpose here is to help recognize behavior that detracts from critical thinking and not fall prey to such traps. We will examine about a dozen such factors.
Although we all admire dedication to principles or beliefs, there are times when such dedication can become both limiting and allconsuming. This type of poor thinking is called an overcommitment to an ideology (Bandman & Bandman, 1988). It can be seen in some people's excessive commitment to religious beliefs or political principles, which do not allow any new ideas to enter their minds (Shermer, 2001).