Unity of Effort: Integrating Civilian
and Military Activities
Essential though it is, the military action is secondary to the political one, its primary pur-
pose being to afford the political power enough freedom to work safely with the population.
—David Galula, Counterinsurgency Warfare, 19641
This chapter begins with the principles involved in integrating the activities of military and civilian organizations during counterinsurgency operations. It then describes the categories of organizations usually involved. After that, it discusses assignment of responsibilities and mechanisms used to integrate civilian and military activities. It concludes by listing information commanders need to know about civilian agencies operating in their area of operations.
2-1. Military efforts are necessary and important to counterinsurgency (COIN) efforts, but they are only effective when integrated into a comprehensive strategy employing all instruments of national power. A successful COIN operation meets the contested population's needs to the extent needed to win popular support while protecting the population from the insurgents. Effective COIN operations ultimately eliminate insurgents or render them irrelevant. Success requires military forces engaged in COIN operations to—
1. Copyright © 1964 by Frederick A. Praeger, Inc. Reproduced with permission of Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc., Westport, CT.