[H]elping others to help themselves is critical to winning the long war. —Quadrennial De-
fense Review Report, 2006
This chapter addresses aspects of developing host-nation security forces. It begins with a discussion of challenges involved and resources required. It provides a framework for organizing the development effort. It concludes with a discussion of the role of police in counterinsurgency operations.
6-1. Success in counterinsurgency (COIN) operations requires establishing a legitimate government supported by the people and able to address the fundamental causes that insurgents use to gain support. Achieving these goals requires the host nation to defeat insurgents or render them irrelevant, uphold the rule of law, and provide a basic level of essential services and security for the populace. Key to all these tasks is developing an effective host-nation (HN) security force. In some cases, U.S. forces might be actively engaged in fighting insurgents while simultaneously helping the host nation build its own security forces.
6-2. Just as insurgency and COIN are defined by a complex array of factors, training HN security forces is also affected by a variety of determinants. These include whether sovereignly in the host nation is being