A GUIDE FOR ACTION
Translating lessons of this manual into practice begins with planning and preparation for deployment. Successful counterinsurgents execute wisely and continually assess their area of operations, the impact of their own operations, and their enemy's strategy and tactics to adapt and win. This appendix discusses several techniques that have proven successful during counterinsurgency operations. They are discussed within the framework of the operations process. However, this does not limit their use to any operations process activity. Successful counterinsurgents assess the operational environment continuously and apply appropriate techniques when they are needed.
A-I. Planning is the process by which commanders (and staffs, if available) translate the commander's visualization into a specific course of action for preparation and execution, focusing on the expected results (FMI 5-0.1). Planning for counterinsurgency (COIN) operations is no different from planning for conventional operations. However, effective COIN planning requires paying at least as much attention to aspects of the environment as to the enemy force.
A-2. Learn about the people, topography, economy, history, religion, and culture of the area of operations (AOs). Know every village, road, field,