SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS AND OTHER ANALYTICAL TOOLS
Situational understanding involves determining the relationships among the factors of METT-TC. This appendix discusses several tools used to describe the effects of the operational environment and evaluate the threat. One of the most important of these is social network analysis, a powerful threat evaluation tool. Commanders and staffs use these tools to help them understand the operational environment. This understanding facilitates making decisions and developing plans and orders.
B-1. Describing the effects of the operational environment requires an analysis of the terrain, weather, and civil considerations. This discussion addresses terrain and civil considerations at length because of their importance in a counterinsurgency (COIN) environment. Terrain and civil considerations have distinct aspects in COIN that analysts must understand to effectively describe the operational environment. Imagery, geospatial analysis tools, overlays, and graphics can help depict these aspects.
B-2. As in conventional operations, terrain analysis in COIN includes examining the terrain's effects on the movement of military units and enemy personnel. However, because COIN focuses on people, terrain analysis usually centers on populated areas and the effects of terrain on the local