Overview and Controversies
of Dual Relationships and
Part 1 provides an overview of the controversies of dual relationships, answers some of the most common objections, and demonstrates the situations in which dual relationships are inevitable or beneficial to clients. Chapter 1 commences with a provocative account by Zur and Lazarus that addresses the heart of the matter by examining and rebutting the most widespread arguments against dual relationships. Next, Lazarus (see chapter 2) argues that inflexible therapists who strictly avoid any boundary crossings or extensions are likely to undermine the very fabric of psychotherapy and thus subvert positive treatment outcomes. (Eight experts harshly critiqued this article, and Lazarus vigorously rebutted their contentions. The reader might well enjoy reading the entire interchange in Ethics & Behavior, 1994, 4, 255–306.) In chapter 3, Tomm clarifies and amplifies aspects of the foregoing chapters by delving into the questionable ethics behind dual relationships per se. Chapter 4 presents a lucid account of the constructive power behind judicious boundary crossings and selected dual relationships. Zur clearly elucidates how exploitation and harm may ensue from the total eschewal of such interactions.