Selected-Response Test Items: True-False and Matching
There are different ways of classifying types of test items. One way is to group items according to how they are scored—objectively or subjectively. Another way is to group them by the type of response required of the test-taker. Selected-response items require the test-taker to select the correct or best answer from options provided by the teacher. These items include true-false, matching exercises, multiple-choice, and multiple-response. Constructed-response items ask the test-taker to supply an answer rather than choose from options already provided. Constructed-response items include completion and essay (short and extended). In this book, item formats are classified as selected-response (or “choice”) and constructed-response (or “supply”) items.
In addition to these test items, other evaluation strategies for classroom use are written assignments, case method and case studies, multimedia, and simulations. These strategies and methods for evaluating clinical performance are discussed in later chapters of the book.
Selected-response items can be used effectively to test a variety of student outcomes, as discussed in the previous chapter. The choice of the specific selected-response format should be guided by an understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of each item type. In general, selected-response items can be scored quickly and with a high degree of reliability, but each item format has specific limitations. In this chapter, two types of selected-response items are presented: true-false and matching exercises. Multiple-choice and multipleresponse items are described in chapter 5.