How to Use This Manual
INTEGRATING THIS MATERIAL INTO THE CURRICULUMUsing Deliberative Techniques to Teach United States History
a curriculum. It is a compilation of hands-on instructional approaches that help you to teach required curriculum content
in an exciting and thought-provoking way. Deliberative methodology provides an innovative
way for you to make key topics in American history come alive in your classroom. You can use
the lesson plans as they are presented or modify them to fit your students’ needs.
The goals of this manual are to use deliberative techniques to advance students’ critical thinking skills, specifically historical thinking skills as endorsed by the National Center for History in
the Schools, in the five interconnected dimensions of:
|1. ||Chronological Thinking|
|2. ||Historical Comprehension|
|3. ||Historical Analysis and Interpretation|
|4. ||Historical Research Capabilities|
|5. ||Historical Issues-Analysis and Decision-Making1|
The content of this book is based on the National Standards for History for Grades 9–12. The
specific topics included were chosen for their importance in the curriculum and because they
illustrate the variety of ways you can integrate deliberative methodology into your teaching.
ORGANIZATIONUsing Deliberative Techniques to Teach United States History
is divided into five chapters:
|• ||Chapter 1 defines deliberative techniques and discusses their uses and benefits in teaching U.S. history content and thinking skills for teachers who are looking for more thoughtprovoking ways to teach required content. The section presents the various components
of the methodology, namely, speeches, presentations, debate, role-play, and simulations.|
1. National Center for History in the Schools, “Overview of Standards in Historical Thinking” (1996), http://nchs.