PROVINCIAL POLICE IN ALBERTA
AND SASKATCHEWAN, 1905–17
The North-West Mounted Police (NWMP) were the first police force responsible for maintenance of law and order in western Canada. They were a quasi-military, uniformed professional police force. In 1917, the Government of Canada withdrew the Royal North-West Mounted Police (RNWMP) from civil police duties in Alberta and Saskatchewan.1 The provincial governments were compelled to establish their own police forces. Both the RNWMP and the provincial police forces were modern professional police. The formation of the provincial police in Alberta and Saskatchewan and the transfer of civil police duties from the RNWMP to the provincial police did not signify the transformation of the polic ing system from the old to the new. Rather, they were part of the overall professionalization process of policing in the prairie provinces. The vari ous causal relations and theoretical approaches specified in studies of the development of policing are highly relevant to this study.