ENERGY POLICY AND ECONOMIC
GROWTH IN THE PACIFIC BORDER
REGIONS OF NORTH AMERICA
Alejandro Díaz-Bautista, Donald K. Alper, and Krista Martinez
North American energy supply is intricately tied to the economy, through the energy demand of users, as well as to the environment, primarily through air pollution related to energy use and the impact of hydroelectricity on hydrological systems. This chapter describes and analyzes major features of North American energy flows as they relate to economic growth and environmental well being. The focus is on energy and environmental interdependencies in cross-border bioregions in the Pacific west of North America. By focusing on these regions – where geography, resource wealth, and concentrated populations have led to interconnected political economies – the possibilities of promoting sustainable energy programs and consumption can be assessed in the context of increasing continental economic integration.