1. I have changed the NJPS to make the meaning clearer and to improve the English style in these two verses.
1. b. Bava Batra 91a-b.
2. Gen 11:26–25:18. A good example of such a translation is Tanakh: The Holy Scriptures (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1985). It can be found in The Jewish Study Bible, ed. Adele Berlin and Marc Zvi Brettler (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004). The author of the present discussion is also responsible for the annotations to Genesis in that volume. Unless otherwise noted, all translations from the Hebrew Bible/ Old Testament in this book are taken from Tanakh, except for those cited within an excerpt from another source.
3. See Avigdor Shinan, “The Various Faces of Abraham in Ancient Judaism,” in Abraham in the Three Monotheistic Faiths (Jerusalem: Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs, 1999), 6–10.
4. Unless otherwise noted, all citations from the New Testament are taken from the New Revised Standard Version (NRSV). In this instance, and whenever these verses are cited throughout this volume, I have changed the NRSV “believe” to “have faith” and its “ancestor” (the rendering of Greek pater) to “father.” The importance of both faith and fatherhood will become clear in the ensuing chapters. Note also that when Paul uses the Greek verb in question (pisteuo), he is talking about something more than a cognitive act.
5. As Paul reads it, Gen 15:6 records God’s pronouncement that Abraham’s faith made him righteous, whereas the commandment of circumcision does not appear until two chapters later.
6. See Y. Moubarac, Abraham dans le Coran: L’histoire d’Abraham dans le Coran et la naissance de l’Islam (Paris: Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin, 1958).
7. All quotations from the Qur’an in this volume are taken from Majid Fakhry, An Interpretation of the Qur’an (Washington Square: New York University Press, 2000).
8. Gen. Rab. 44:15, on Gen 15:9.
9. 2 Chr 3:1.
10. The Mormon Book of Abraham is no exception. See Richard Lyman Bushman, Joseph Smith: Rough Stone Rolling (New York: Vintage Books, 2005), 285–93 (especially 291–92) and 452–58.