Local Elections and the Politics of Small-Scale Democracy

By J. Eric Oliver; Shang E. Ha et al. | Go to book overview

Index
affirmative action, 204
Agawam, Massachusetts, 116–117
Alesina, Alberto, 39
ambition, 90–91
American Association of Retired Persons, 1
American Citizen Participation Study (ACPS), 69–70, 70n4, 72, 77–78, 80–82, 80n
American National Election Studies, 2n5, 74–75
The American Voter (Campbell et al. 1960), 151–152
Anzia, Sarah, 38
Arendt, Hannah, 194–195
Arndt, Patty, 117
Atlanta, 187–188, 190; African American community of, 190
Barber, Benjamin, 194–195
Bell, California, 192
Benton, Derek, 117
Berg, John, 117
Berkeley, California, 121
bias: of American federal government, 45; and beneficiaries, 40; and campaigns, 37–38, 96; and candidates, 21, 95; as conceptually challenging, 203; conclusions about, 141; and corruption, 45; deductions about, 76; definitions of, 5, 61, 135; and democracy, 5, 35–38, 40–42, 61–62, 202; and distribution of a government’s goods and services, 45; and elections, 37, 40–41, 43, 135; endogenous to the political process, 39; as a function of, 39, 41; and government, 36–37, 43, 136; high in larger places, 50; and ideology, 10; and income, 112; and incumbents, 41; of institutions, 51; and interest groups, 35; in Jamaica, 42; in localities, 45; masking, 205; measurement of, 39, 136, 141; and mobilization, 95; in municipal elections, 139; national, 37–38; and office, 95; and partisan ballots, 139; and political engagement, 166; and political issues, 40; and political leaders, 203; and political machines, 95, 138; proxy measures of, 166; and racial discrimination, 39; refers to, 63; in school districts, 46; and scope, 43, 63; and separation of powers, 43; shaping of, 136; in special district governments, 46; specification of, 36; and specific group interests, 160; and spending, 37, 136; of state governments, 45; in suburbs, 45–46; suitability for cities, 10; of towns, 203; and turnout, 62–63; among various levels of government, 45; of the United States federal government, 46; universalism, 40–41; and wealth, 9, 45; variables associated with, 143–144, 143n; and voting, 61, 63–64
Bloomberg, Michael, 93–94
Britton, Sam, 117
Brown, Gordon, 27
Butler, Jerry “Iceman,” 149–151, 182; nickname of, 182; in nonlocal election, 182; and voting, 182
California: 14–16, 18–19, 45; and candidates, 19; and media, 19; and parties, 19
Camden, New Jersey, 38
Cameron, David, 27n
campaigns: activities of, 110–111; benefits in, 40; and bias, 37–38; consistency among, 110; and electorate, 55; gubernatorial, 18–19; and income, 112–113; and interest groups, 38; in larger democracies, 21; local, 107–108; and media, 18–19; and money, 111–112; and personal connections, 20; politicians in, 47; professionalization of, 96; and senior citizens, 59; similarities and differences among, 108; and size, 19–20, 94; spending in, 14, 110, 112–113; of suburban politicians, 108; in suburbs, 111; and “stakeholders,” 60; techniques of, 206; and voters, 88, 111
Campbell, Andrea, 62
candidates, 77, 88, 96; age of, 98; civic orientation of, 101; communities of, 111; consistency among, 110; and democracy, 89; education of, 98; and heuristics, 181; and homeownership, 98–99; ideology of,

-215-

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