What Is Project Management?
Project Management Concepts and Methodologies
FRANCIS M. WEBSTER, JR., PHD, WESTERN CAROLINA UNIVERSITY, RETIRED
JOAN KNUTSON, PM GURU UNLIMITED
Projects are ubiquitous. They are everywhere, and everybody does them. Projects are the driving force for many organizations in most industries. Projects can be looked upon as the change efforts of society, and the pace of change has been increasing. Therefore, effectively and efficiently managing change efforts is the only way organizations can survive and grow in this modern world.
One way to describe projects is by example. Most such descriptions start with such things as the pyramids, the Great Wall of China, and other undertakings of ancient history. These were major construction projects, and indeed, construction is inherently a project-oriented industry. But there are other project-oriented industries: pharmaceuticals, aerospace, and IT all operate on a project basis and all are notable for technological developments that have changed the way we live and work.
But not all projects are of such great magnitude. A community fund-raising or political campaign, the development of a new product, creating an advertising program, and training the sales and support staff to service a product effectively are