(and Anti-Moral) Emotions
A child’s first sentiment is to love himself; and the second,
which derives from the first, is to love those who come near
him, for in the state of weakness that he is in, he does not rec-
ognize anyone except by the assistance and care he receives.
—Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Emile:
or, On Education, Book IV, 1762
If democracy is maturity, and maturity is health, and health is
desirable, then we wish to see whether anything can be done
to foster it.
—Donald Winnicott, “Thoughts on the Meaning
of the Word Democracy,” 1950
Education is for people. Before we can design a scheme for education, we need to understand the problems we face on the way to making students responsible democratic citizens who might think and choose well about a wide range of issues of national and