I did not like the ANZUS Pact at all.
—Winston Churchill, House of Commons, 1953
New Zealanders belong to a branch of New World civilization,
the main centres of which are Sydney, San Francisco, and
Auckland—the Pacific Triangle.
—Keith Sinclair, A History of New Zealand (1959)
ANZUS works on the tactical level because it feels right.
—Peter Leahy, Australian brigadier general,
testimony to the Australian parliament, 1997
We are a European, Western civilisation with strong links with
North America, but here we are in Asia.
—John Howard, Australian prime minister, interview 1999
The United States and Australia are separated by geography—
and a lot of it—but we're united by common values.
—George W. Bush, American president, 2007
ANZUS (AUSTRALIA-NEW ZEALAND-UNITED STATES), a military pact with claims to collective defense created in 1951, is one of the main institutional expressions of the Anglosphere in the area of international security. The pact is racial in its origins in the sense that its drafters deliberately kept the so-called island states out of what they saw to be an exclusive Anglo-Saxon club in the AsiaPacific. This pact has not quite passed: In contrast to NATO, its European counterpart that in the 1990s and 2000s welcomed a dozen of its Cold War-era enemies, ANZUS never evolved into a larger and more plural “Pacific Pact,” that ephemeral entity unsuccessfully pursued by U.S. diplomats in 1950–1951. In this genealogy, the significance of the pact also lies in its two intramural exclusions: Britain at the creation and New Zealand in 1985–1986. The first development is especially puzzling from the perspective of collective identity.