ANALYSIS OF CASE PATTERNS
THE DETAILED EXAMINATION of the five major transnational criminal organizations and the three major transnational criminal activities reveals patterns that increase understanding of the modus operandi of transnational organized crime in today’s world and its potential disruptive security effects. Based on this case examination, this chapter first presents a spectrum of preferred tactics for these organizations and a spectrum of primary security impacts for these activities, and then identifies the conditions under which transnational criminal organizations choose to use corruption versus violence and under which transnational criminal activities produce a major impact on individual/human security versus national/state security. This chapter’s insights form the core of this book’s contribution enhancing understanding of the dark logic of transnational organized crime.
Although highly tentative and lacking universal applicability, the persistence of these patterns across the different groups and activities lends credence to their validity. Nonetheless, the highlighted patterns are clearly changeable over time and thus most applicable to the contemporary global security environment. If, for example, policy makers transformed the kinds of international laws pertaining to certain kinds of cross-border transactions, changed the kinds of coercive countermeasures used to constrain transnational organized crime, or developed dramatic technological advances essential to illicit global transmission of goods and services, then transnational criminals would probably adjust their choice of tactics, altering the security impacts substantially. The findings from this chapter’s conditional analysis of transnational organized crime, however, provide important clues facilitat-