ATL Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand
AWM Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia
GWP Gordon W. Prange Collection, University of Maryland, College Park
LNA League of Nations Archive, Geneva, Switzerland
NAA National Archives of Australia
NANZ National Archives of New Zealand, Wellington
NDL National Diet Library, Tokyo
SLNSW State Library of New South Wales, Australia
USNA U.S. National Archives, College Park, Maryland
1. “Ikite iru kottōhin,” Sandee Mainichi, March 30, 1949, 36.
2. A useful overview can be found in Bernstein, Temporarily Yours, 6.
3. For some particularly important examples, see Ellis, Studies in the Psychology of Sex, Vol. 2, and Freud, “The Most Prevalent Form of Degradation in Erotic Life.” For the transmission of sexology in Japan, see Frühstück, Colonizing Sex.
4. See, for example, Vance, Pleasure and Danger; and Duggan and Hunter, Sex Wars. Some critics argued that women’s subordination to men was underpinned by sexuality, for example, Barry, Female Sexual Slavery, and MacKinnon, Feminism Unmodified.
5. Leigh, “Inventing Sex Work,” 225; and Kempadoo and Doezema, Global Sex Workers, 3.
6. Commercial sex workers tend to focus on the importance of “decriminalization.” Such a system stands in opposition to “legalization,” meaning a state system of regulation and control. Scholars supportive of decriminalization include Pheterson, Vindication of the Rights of Whores; Bell, Reading, Writing, and Rewriting the Prostitute Body; and Rubin, “Thinking Sex,” 267–319. On the sex workers’ movement, see Jenness’s book on the history of the sex workers’ union COYOTE, Making It Work; also Nagle, Whores and Other Feminists.