ENGLAND AND ITS DEPENDENCIES. IRELAND.
So England was one united nation, with its landed aristocracy as the ruling power. The separate character and influence of each of the great component parts of English society may be observed in the British dominions outside of Great Britain.
From the wrecks of the empire of the Great Mogul, a monopolizing company of English merchants had gained dominion in the East, with factories, subject provinces, and territorial revenues on the coast of Malabar, in the Carnatic, and on the Ganges. They looked upon the East India company of France as hopelessly ruined; and, as they pushed forward their victories, they avowed gain to be the sole end of their alliances and their trade, of their warfare and their civil rule.
In America, the middling class, chiefly rural people, with a few from the towns of England, founded colonies in the forms of liberty, and owned and cultivated the soil.
Ireland, whose government was proposed in England as a model for the British colonies, and whose history is from this time intimately blended with the course of events in America, had been seized by the English oligarchy. Half as large as England, it has a still milder climate and a more fertile soil. From its mountains gush numerous rivers, fed by the rains which the sea breeze makes frequent. These, now halting in bogs and morasses, now expanding into beautiful lakes, now rushing with copious volume and swift descent, offered along their courses water-power without limit, and at their outlets