GROWTH OF REPUBLICANISM IN LOUISIANA, KENTUCKY, AND
MASSACHUSETTS. LORD NORTH FORMS AN ADMINISTRATION.
WHILE Boston was driven toward republicanism, the enthusiasm which had made the revolution at New Orleans could not shape for that colony a tranquil existence. A new petition to France expressed the resolve of the inhabitants to preserve the dear and inviolable name of French citizens, at the peril of their lives and fortunes. They applied to the English; but the governor at Pensacola abstained from offending powers with which his sovereign was at peace. The dread of Spain inspired the design of founding a republic, with an elective council of forty and a protector. When, near the end of July, O’Reilly arrived at the Balise with an overwhelming force, despair prevailed for a moment; and white cockades were distributed by the republicans. “O’Reilly is not come to ruin the colony,” said Aubry, who had received instructions to feign ingenuous candor. “If you submit,” he repeated publicly and by authority, “the general will treat you with kindness, and you may have full confidence in the clemency of his Catholic majesty.” These promises won faith; and, with Aubry’s concurrence, a committee of three, Lafrénière for the council, Marquis for the colonists, and Milhet for the merchants, waited on O’Reilly at the Balise, to recognise his authority and implore his mercy.
O’Reilly welcomed the deputies with the fairest promises, detained them to dine, and dismissed them confident of a perfect amnesty. villeré, who had escaped, returned to the city.
On the morning of the eighth of August, the Spanish