Ottoman Ulema, Turkish Republic: Agents of Change and Guardians of Tradition

By Amit Bein | Go to book overview

Index
Abduh, Muhammad, 26, 31
Abdülbaki [Gölpınarlı], 109–110
Abdülhamid II, Sultan: censorship and political repression, 79, 81, 117; pious regime, 13–14, 79–81
Abu Hanifa, 125, 140
Ağaoğlu [Agayef], Ahmed, 62
Ahmed Asım Efendi, 80
Ahmed Hilmi, Şehbenderzade Filibeli, 27–28
Ahmed Midhat Efendi, 16, 22
Ahmed Naim, 119, 121–122
AKP, see Justice and Development Party
Akseki, Ahmed Hamdi: and the early years of the republic, 75, 111, 114–116, 120– 123, 132, 134; as head of the Diyanet (1947–1951), 138, 145–151, 160
Alevi, Alevis, 4, 141–142, 153; and the “opening” initiative, 160–161, 164
Ali Fethi [Okyar], 119
Ali Vehbi Efendi, 18
Armenians, 19, 95, 99
Asad, Talal, 15
Atalay, Besim, 140
Atay, Falih Rıfkı, 140
Austro-Hungary, 11, 93–94
Ayasofya Mosque (Hagia Sophia), 17, 37, 86, 118, 130
al-Azhar, reform of, 53
Balkan Wars (1912–1913), 27, 57, 70, 91
Baltacıoğlu, İsmayil Hakkı, 127–128, 140
Banguoğlu, Hasan Tahsin, 146
Bardakoğlu, Ali, 160, 162–164
Başgil, Ali Fuat, 149–151
Bayar, Celal, 142
Berkes, Niyazi, 131
Beyan’ül-Hak (newspaper), 33, 52, 55, 67, 70, 82–83, 87–90
Bilecik (Turkey), 94–95
Bilmen, Ömer Nasuhi, 104
Bosnia-Herzegovina, 19, 93–94
Börekçi, Rifat, 119, 125, 132
Bucharest (Romania), 94
al-Bukhari (hadith collection), 119, 121–122
Bursa (Turkey), 66, 130–131
Caliphate, abolition of the, 72, 105–109, 118, 143, 152
Casanova, Jose, 15, 19, 157
Catholic Church, Catholicism, 5, 16–17, 22, 119
Caucasus, 6–7, 26
Cemal Pasha, 44
Cemil Said [Dikel], 118, 131
Chamber of Deputies (Meclis-i Meb‘usan): definitions and functions, 37–38, 77, 102; elections, 82, 89–91, 108; legislation, 39, 47, 54, 60, 66
Clericalists, clericalism, anticlericalism, 5–6, 11–12, 23–24, 38, 85–86, 97–101
Cold War, 136, 139, 157, 159
Combes, Émile, 20
Committee of Union and Progress (CUP): association with the nationalist movement, 95–96, 99, 102–103, 108; reformist policies, 20–21, 44–49, 55,

-209-

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