Conspiracy of Silence: Sportswriters and the Long Campaign to Desegregate Baseball

By Chris Lamb | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 7
THE DOUBLE V CAMPAIGN

On August 23, 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union signed a nonaggression pact that said the countries would not attack one another. This allowed German chancellor Adolf Hitler to attack Poland without interference from its neighbor. Germany’s invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939, and the grim realities of another European war would have a profound and lasting impact on the United States, which would be a very different country in 1945 than it had been in 1939. Whereas the United States and its leaders could ignore America’s racial dilemma before the war, this was not possible after the war. More than two years passed between Germany’s invasion of Poland and Japan’s bombing of Pearl Harbor, which would force the United States into the war. During those twenty-seven months, as it became obvious that the United States would enter the war, black leaders pressured the Roosevelt administration for its assurances that blacks would not face the indignities and discrimination they did during World War I. During World War

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Conspiracy of Silence: Sportswriters and the Long Campaign to Desegregate Baseball
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • Part 1 1
  • Chapter 1 - White Sportswriters and Minstrel Shows 3
  • Part 2 27
  • Chapter 2 - The Color Line Is Drawn 29
  • Chapter 3 - Invisible Men 57
  • Chapter 4 - “Agitators” and “Social-Minded Drum Beaters” 85
  • Part 3 107
  • Chapter 5 - “l’Affaire Jake Powell” 109
  • Chapter 6 - Major League Managers and Ballplayers Call for End of Color Line 133
  • Part 4 157
  • Chapter 7 - The Double V Campaign 159
  • Chapter 8 - “The Great White Father” Speaks 187
  • Chapter 9 - Black Editors Make Their Case for Desegregation 217
  • Chapter 10 - “Get Those Niggers off the Field” 249
  • Part 5 281
  • Chapter 11 - Robinson Becomes the Chosen One 283
  • Part 6 305
  • Chapter 12 - “I Never Want to Take Another Trip like This One” 307
  • Notes 335
  • Bibliography 363
  • Index 375
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