Animation’s Movement to Green?
Our study of animated features from a variety of American studios demonstrates that enviro-toons from shorts to animated features, beginning with Snow White (1937) through the present, continue to reflect twentieth-century approaches to ecology. These approaches to ecology manifest themselves in the particular aesthetic and narrative patterns that separate humans from the natural world, connect them with it in interdependent relationships, or provide opportunities to critique humans’ treatment of the environment in multiple ways.
We believe this exploration has also begun to broach answers to several questions regarding the origins and impact of enviro-toons: Does the studio producing the enviro-toon affect the environmental message on display? Has the content of enviro-toons changed in response to changes in historical and cultural context? Have these enviro-toons changed in relation to changes in the environmental movement? Have these films had an impact on viewers, changing their views on environmental issues, as did Al Gore’s An Inconvenient Truth? And has the envi-