Privacy and Its Prospects in the 21st Century
MARTHA MERRILL UMPHREY
That the individual shall have full protection in person and in property
is a principle as old as the common law; but it has been found necessary
from time to time to define anew the exact nature and extent of such
protection. Political, social, and economic changes entail the recognition
of new rights, and the common law, in its eternal youth, grows to meet
the new demands of society.
Samuel Warren and Louis Brandeis, “The Right to Privacy”
Even the smallest intrusion into private space by the unwanted gaze
causes damage, because the injury caused by seeing cannot be measured.
Jeffrey Rosen, “The Unwanted Gaze: The Destruction of Privacy in America”
The fact that one cannot negotiate modernity without continuously
revealing personal information to a variety of demanders has habituated
most Americans to radically diminished informational privacy.
Richard Posner, “Privacy, Surveillance, and Law.”
People have really gotten comfortable not only sharing more information
and different kinds but more openly and with more people, and that
social norm is just something that has evolved over time.
Mark Zuckerberg, CEO, Facebook (quoted in Jeffrey Rosen,
“The Web Means the End of Forgetting”)
More than a century ago, Samuel Warren and Louis Brandeis warned of emerging threats to individual liberty associated with new business methods and technologies.1 “Instantaneous photographs and newspaper enterprise,” they said, “have invaded the sacred precincts of private and domestic life; and numerous mechanical devices threaten to make good the prediction that ‘what is whispered in the closet shall be proclaimed from the house-tops.’”2 Warren and