Throughout the text, references to Joyce’s works are from the following editions:
Poems and Shorter Writings, ed. Richard Ellmann, A. Walton Litz and John Whittier-Ferguson (London: Faber, 2001), abbreviated as PSW.
Stephen Hero, rev’d edn (London: Jonathan Cape Ltd, 1956), abbreviated as SH.
Dubliners, ed. Jeri Johnson (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000), abbreviated as D.
A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, ed. Jeri Johnson (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000), abbreviated as P.
Giacomo Joyce (London: Faber, 1983), abbreviated as GJ.
Exiles (London: Jonathan Cape, 1972), abbreviated as E.
Ulysses, ed. Jeri Johnson (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998), abbreviated as U.
Finnegans Wake (London: Faber and Faber, 1975), abbreviated as FW.
Occasional, Critical and Political Writings, ed. Kevin Barry (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000), abbreviated as OCP.
Critical Writings of James Joyce, ed. Ellsworth Mason and Richard Ellmann (London: Faber, 1959), abbreviated as CW.
Letters of James Joyce, vol. 2, ed. Richard Ellmann (London: Faber and Faber, 1966), abbreviated as L.
References to Homer’s The Odyssey are taken from the translation by Richmond Lattimore: The Odyssey of Homer (New York: HarperPerennial, 1991).
The choice of Johnson’s edition of Ulysses in particular merits a brief discussion. The textual history of Ulysses is a matter of considerable controversy. Ulysses was originally published by Shakespeare and Company in February 1922. Joyce complained upon the novel’s publication that