The History of Islamic Political Thought: From the Prophet to the Present

By Antony Black | Go to book overview

Glossary

Glossary of words used frequently, and their usual English equivalents (shown by capital letter).

Adabpolite culture
‘ālimsee ‘ulamā’
Amīrmilitary Commander; ruler
amīr al-mu‘minīn‘commander of the faithful’ (Caliphal title)
‘askeriwarriors, Ottoman upper class
bay’a(from bā’a, to sell) contract, homage, Election
bid’ainnovation connoting impiety
da’wamissionary activity
dawla, devlet(from d-w-l, to alternate) political success, turn in power, Dynasty, State
devletsee dawla
devşirmeforced levy of youths
dhimmī(those of the covenant) non-Muslim monotheists protected under Muslim rule
dīnReligion
falāsifa(sing. faylasūf) Philosophers, those engaged in falsafa q.v.
falsafaPhilosophy or metaphysics in the Platonic and Aristotelian tradition
faqīhsee fuqahā’
fatwā (fetva)authorised legal opinion
faylasūfsee falāsifa
fiqh(understanding) Religious Jurisprudence
fuqahā’(sing. faqīh) Religious Jurists
futuwwachivalry, guild fraternity
ghazifrontier warrior
hadīthReport or narrative of what the Prophet said or did (usually translated Tradition, but see Hodgson 1974: vol. 2, pp. 93–4)
hisbaoverseeing of public morals, especially in trade
hudūdLegal penalties (of the Sharī’a)
ijmā’Consensus (of believers) (especially on points of Law)
ijtihād(lit. self-exertion) independent reasoning (especially in Law)

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