THE AMERICAN AEMY AND ITS CHIEF.
THE commander-in-chief suppressed the wish to visit Mount Vernon during the winter, for the army at Newburg was more unquiet than at any former period.* The Massachusetts line formed more than half of it, and so many of the remainder were from other eastern states that he could describe them all as New England men.† He had made the delicate state of aifairs “the object of many contemplative hours,” and he was aware of the prevailing sentiment that the prospect of compensation for past services would terminate with the war.‡
Now that peace was at hand, his first act was by a letter to Harrison, then governor of Virginia, to entreat his own state to enter upon a movement toward a real union. “From the observations I have made in the course of this war—and my intercourse with the states in their united as well as separate capacities has afforded ample opportunities of judging—I am decided in my opinion,” such were his words, “that, if the powers of congrese are not enlarged and made competent to all general purposes, the blood which has been spilt, the expense that has been incurred, and the distresses which have been felt, will avail nothing; and that the band which holds us together, already too weak, will soon be broken; when anar-
* Sparks, viii., 355, 369.
† Gorham in Gilpin, 315. Elliot, 43. Washington to Joseph Jones. Sparks, viii., 383; and compare Sparks, viii., 456.
‡ Washington to Hamilton, 4 March 1783. Sparks, viii., 389, 390.