1. “Petition the White House with We the People,” WhiteHouse .gov, Sept. 22, 2011, http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2011/09/22/ petition -white-house-we-people.
2. Ian Morris, Why the West Rules—For Now (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2011), 607.
3. David Warsh, Knowledge and the Wealth of Nations (New York: W. W. Norton, 2006), 288–304.
4. David Deutsch, The Beginning of Infinity: Explanations That Transform the World (New York: Viking, 2011).
5. For the best discussion of this process, see Joel Mokyr, The Lever of Riches: Technological Creativity and Economic Progress (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992).
1. On the idea of domains in technologies, see Brian Arthur, The Nature of Technology: What It Is and How It Evolves (New York: Free Press, 2009), 61. A domain forms “a constellation of technologies—a mutually supporting set” (63). Arthur himself sees the digital technologies of computation as forming a domain that is drawing other technologies within it (63).
2. “Moore’s Law,” Intel.com, http://www.intel.com/about/companyinfo /museum/exhibits/moore.htm.
3. Dan Burke and Mark Lemley, “Policy Levers in Patent Law,” Virginia Law Review 89 (2003): 1575, 1620n147.
4. Martin Hilbert and Priscila Lopez, “The World’s Technological Capacity to Store, Communicate, and Compute Information,” Science 332 (2011): 60–65.
5. Keith Kleiner, “Body 2.0: The Continuous Monitoring of the Human Body,” Singularity Hub, March 20, 2009, http://singularityhub.com/2009/03/20 /body-20-continuous-monitoring-of-the-human-body.
6. Kenrick Vezina, “Stick-On Electronic Tattoos,” MIT Technology Review, Aug. 11, 2011, http://www.technologyreview.com/computing/38296/?p1=A3.
7. Michio Kaku, Physics of the Future: How Science Will Shape Human Destiny and Our Daily Lives by the Year 2000 (New York: Doubleday, 2011), 300–301.